The Hurra Al-Hurra Protected Area was the first Protected Area to be established in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; it is located northwest of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with the borders of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and extends to the east of Wadi Al-Sarhan. The protected area is 13,775 square kilometers. The surface of this protected area consists of a volcanic plateau where black basaltic rock abounds, in addition to a group of low volcanic mountains with heights ranging between 800 and 1150 meters above sea level.
The protected area is characterized with its diverse vegetation cover that includes perennial and annual plants that abound inside and beside flood pathways. Among the most important trees in the protected area are the Tamarix aphylla, the Calligonum, the Lycium shawii. There are also many annual shrubs and herbs, and the most important animals in this protected area are the Reem gazelle (Sand gazelle) and the Arabian wolf, the Red fox, the Sand fox, the Striped hyena, the cape hare and the jerboa. There are also the houbara bustard, the golden eagle, the Eurasian stone-curlew, nine species of larks, and other species of resident and migratory birds, in addition to a number of reptiles.